Those working in the field of music electronics generally follow trends – in music production, for example, or in instrumental development. Many synthesizer manufacturers have jumped on to the popular Eurorack Modular bandwagon. GRP – specialist for semi-modular synthesizers (A2, A4, A8) – have since followed the trend as well, albeit with a slight delay.
For those familiar with GRP synthesizers at least two questions come to mind. First: Why Eurorack? We already have the GRP A2 and GRP A4. Secondly: How can we evaluate the rather modest range of GRP Eurorack modules musically and artistically?
Let’s start with question two, which is easier to answer since GRP has already put its test package with Eurorack modules into circulation. Not strange in itself, but the package actually consisted of 12 modules – one of each type. Which gave rise to amusement because – hand on heart – how many tonal possibilities do you have with just “one” oscillator?
Putting it another way: How comprehensive can musical expression be with just a handful of building blocks? Within some weeks, this special situation (“one” exemplary module only) essentially answered our question concerning quality: Amazing, how far you can get with a limited number of modules. Astonishing what can be done with a single VCO, a single 24db VCF, etc.
This isn’t really new, of course. Quite the contrary, it is really old hat that creative potential is limited only limited by the musician’s inherent abilities and not by the instrumentation. Strange, this has been long forgotten: Hundreds of modulation possibilities, thousands of sound options, entire rooms full of switches and cables obstruct our view to the fact that creativity is solely dependent on the musician.
But focused musicians have their own priorities. A single VCO, an expressive filter, a jagged envelope and a powerful VCA don’t sound like much, but they can be a lot! Some of the attached music files were created with only 3 GRP modules: VCO – fixed filter bank – VCA, or VCO – 12db SVF – VCA, to mention just a few examples …
This looks like the right moment to look at the technical details of the GRP Eurorack modules …
Specialties: Wide frequency range (adjustable at more than 7 octaves), all waveforms available simultaneously, sub-oscillator.
Voltage Controlled Oscillator
Waveforms: Sine, Triangle, Saw, Pulse
Sub Oscillator: -1/-2 Oct. beneath main signal
Scaling: 6-stage (64’-2’)
Tune: +/- 1 octave
Fine Tuning: +/- 1 semi tone
3x CV-IN, FM2 input, Exp/Lin switchable
Width: 10 HP
Specialties: All filter modes available simultaneously (“plus” the currently SELECTed mode), extreme tonal range of filter resonance (AGC to reduce the effect), voltage controlled resonance.
6 / 12 / 18 / 24db
Voltage Controlled Resonance (!)
AGC / Automatic Gain Change
2x Audio-IN, 2x CV-IN (filter frequency),
1x CV-IN (resonance)
Width: 10 HP
Specialties: All filter modes available simultaneously (“plus” the currently SELECTed mode), huge tonal flexibility, Notch sounds extraordinary good.
12db HighPass / 6db BandPass / 12db LowPass / Notch
2x Audio-IN, 3x CV-IN (filter frequency)
Width: 10 HP
Specialties: Positive and negative output; Very strong VCA.
Exponential / linear charakteristic
1x Audio-IN, 2x CV-IN
Width: 6 HP
Specialties: 3 speed ranges, redirection of incoming Gate signal.
3 ranges of speed – slow / medium / fast
Gate-IN is routed to THRU
Gate-IN / Trigger-IN
Width: 6 HP
Specialties: Twin LFOs, 3 frequency ranges.
3 frequency ranges each
(slow / medium / fast – up to audio range)
2x TRI/SAW Outputs
2x SQR/PLS Outputs
Width: 6 HP
Specialties: 3 types of noise; Socket labelled “STEP” is the S&H output.
Sample&Hold and Noise Module
White / Pink / Low Noise
Glide (Slew) for S/H Effekt
Int / Ext Clock
Width: 6 HP
Audio / CV Mixer
3x Audio / CV IN
Width: 6 HP
Audio IN, Pre Amplified (Audio) Out
Gate OUT, ENV OUT
Line / Mic Input
Width: 6 HP
Multiples (2×4 / 1×6)
Width: 4 HP
Fixed Filter Bank
12 bands + manual LP / HP filter
Audio IN / Audio OUT
Width: 16 HP
STEREO OUT MODULE
Specialties: Illuminated VU-Meters (Output Volume), channel 2 / 3 routed to R / L, channel 1 / 4 with pan regulation, doubled headphones output.
4-Channel Audio Mixer
Independent volume / pan
Headphones-Amplifier (with 2 outputs)
4x Audio IN, 2x Audio OUT
2x Phones OUT
Width: 16 HP
About high quality workmanship …
The GRP Eurorack modules are of excellent quality, which of course they should be, since we’re not moving in the low-price. A VCO for 333 Euros or a VCF for 380 Euros – these modules must be valuable on their own! The construction is well done – solid switches and pots (yes, that’s still not a given in the Eurorack area …), high-quality jacks – all the best.
… and small additional wishes
There are small improvements on the wish list, of course. Improvements concerning layout and the conception of a few modules. MIXER, ADSR, VCA: OUT+ is placed on the left and OUT- on the right, which seems a bit irrational. The other way round would be better (in which case standard patching could simply follow the shortest left-to-right signal flow throughout the system).
It’s a pity that MIXER and ADSR only have “one” OUT+, even though there’s plenty of room for two positive outs. As soon as the same envelope is routed to VCF and VCA, for example, you are dependent on the use of multiples. It’s not a big deal, but just a little suggestion for optimization.
The VCA, on the other hand, would have profited from a second input. Why waste “empty space” in the panel area? But again, this is peanuts. The VCA sounds great, which is of more importance.
In a nutshell: The outstanding GRP Eurorack modules are VCO, 24db VCF and 12db VCF. We find the MULTIPLES, MIXER and the STEREO OUTPUT MODULE particularly useful as well (more on that later).
The oscillator – with or without the use of its sub-oscillator – provides that powerful, creamy analog sound typical for GRP, and the filters bring a myriad of tonal nuances into the sound picture.
The choice between 24db LowPass VCF and 12db MultiMode VCF (SVF) is difficult. Spontaneously, we would opt for the State Variable Filter, but the extreme resonance of the 24db VCF is also in a world of its own. Especially in lower filter slope mode – at 6db or 12db – the colorful filter sweeps and experimental sounds that flood the studio are unbelievable.
We could define the following combination of modules as the smallest secret weapon of GRP:
- 24db VCF
- 12db VCF
The sound of these 2 VCOs and 2 VCFs is meaty and strong, and it probably doesn’t much matter where the rest of the components – ADSR, LFO, VCA, etc – come from (GRP or any other Eurorack manufacturer).
Musically, the VCO and both VCFs recommend themselves to every studio. And maybe even the ADSR module as well (since GRP manages to create this extremely short – and sonically so irresistible – “Zapp” with minimal attack times). With this compact instrument (VCO-VCF-ADSR and VCA) we have created nearly all attached sound examples by means of multitrack recording.
It doesn’t need a lot, but the few modules you do use have to be of appropriate quality.
In addition to the strong VCO and VCFs, the MIXER, the STEREO OUT MODULE and even the MULTIPLES have proven in practice to be of great value. The STERO OUT is a terrific 4-channel mixer with volume / pan settings and doubled headphone output.
Then there’s the FIXED FILTER bank. An easy-to-operate tool for experimental and vocal sounds. It’s a pity, of course, that the module – just like the famous Moog Fixed Filter Bank – offers no CV access to its individual bands. All you can do is manually change the frequency ranges.
S&H NOISE and ENV FOLLOWER further increase the experimental possibilities of GRP Eurorack. They do exactly what you’d expect them to do. To be honest, there are hundreds of exciting (sometimes weird) Eurorack modules out there. You have the choice …
The DUAL LFO seems a bit of a compromise to us. Although the module offers 4 CV outputs, there’s no VC speed, no reset-IN, etc. It’s rather basic, but it’s OK.
GRP Eurorack compared with GRP A4 / A2
Now, returning to question number ONE. Why Eurorack, where there is the GRP A2 (or A4)? First: “Because it’s Eurorack!” The GRP A4 is a bulky instrument (20 kilos) and it is – just like the GRP A2 – only semi-modular. Actually, both aren’t even semi-modular, but heavily pre-wired synths with a few extra CV-ports (for VCF, VCA, …).
GRP Eurorack on the other hand, means it can be combined with any other Eurorack module worldwide, giving it an edge over GRP A4 / GRP A2. It’s as simple as that.
Second: “GRP Eurorack is modular”. Sounds like a joke, but no kidding: As long as you’re performing traditional, long-established electronic music (standard VCO-to-VCF-to-VCA sound paths, classic modulations routings, etc.), there won’t be any need for a GRP Eurorack. Go buy an A2 instead (it offers heaps of modulation options without the need of a single patch cord), or anything else.
The modular aspect of GRP Eurorack focuses, on the other hand, on the inner core of sound aesthetics, concentrating on two main aspects: “Open System / Everything is possible” and “Less is more” …
Route the VCO directly to the VCA. Experience the plain, unfiltered waveform. What’s the sound of a SINE wave? Explore the tonal bandwidth of PULSE width millimeter by millimeter. Bend the unfiltered sawtooth all the way down into sub-audio range. Great numbers of sound impressions – realized with just 2 modules: VCO – VCA.
Next move: Send the VCO waveform through the FIXED FILTER bank. Create new sound spectra, transform a static sound into a living piece of music by manually modifying the frequency bands (and using MultiTrack recording). Giving you great numbers of sound impressions – realized with just 3 modules: VCO – FIXED FILTER – VCA.
Then route the VCO through the LowPass VCF (6db mode), delve into its resonance behaviour and discover hundreds of new timbres.
Finally, turn the filter to self-resonance and use it as an independent sound source, while modulating filter frequency by the VCO. How does Filter FM perform with a Sawtooth waveform? How with a Sine waveform? What happens in the grey area of self-resonance? Again, a hundredfold of sound impressions, realized with 3 modules: VCO – 24db VCF – VCA.
These and similar examples can be extended indefinitely. Fact is: Impressive, versatile musical results often require only a few (outstanding) modules. Less is more!
Not surprisingly, if you are looking for high-quality GRP analog sound with modular possibilities, you’ll find it here. The sound is enormously powerful and colorful, the dynamics impressive, even though the GRP Eurorack remains a manageable system (the portfolio consists of a modest 12 modules). We could get along with just the VCO and VCF as the “innermost core of this outstanding sound” in most cases. Preferably, of course, with double placement (2x VCOs, 2x VCF), preferably again with doubled filters (2x VCO, 2x 24dbVCF, 2x 12dbSVF). Stereo sound of the luxury class.
Since nowadays many studios have at least one Eurorack system, it seems like a good idea to get the GRP sound on board, with at least those inner core GRP modules, incorporating the already existing modular system (including its ADSRs, LFOs, VCAs, etc.). And for those of you valuing optical unity, there’s probably no alternative to a “complete” GRP Eurorack system.
In addition to the outstanding sound of the GRP oscillators and filters, it is primarily the modular principle as such that is responsible for the high musical output of GRP Eurorack. While an A2 or A4 sounds no less excellent, you now have the opportunity to focus, reduce or expand the sound more clearly (depending on how you handle the modules).
Commitment to the GRP modules is thus a fundamental commitment to all Eurorack modules. Their potential for “unrestricted” and completely free sound exploration (for example in a very simple way – two Modules: VCO – VCA) brings a beneficial reduction of one of the most important aspects within electronic music – the concentration of the simplest acoustic parameters. The basic parameters – frequency, volume, timbre, beat, resonance (including their fringe ranges) – enable a staggering variety of musical expression.
Which is a specialty of GRP Eurorack …
Modular System Components
Prices in Euros (as of 09/2021):
VCO € 299,00 (+ VAT), 24db LowPass VCF € 339,00 (+ VAT), 12db MultiMode VCF € 299,00 (+ VAT), VCA € 139,00 (+ VAT), ADSR € 129,00 (+ VAT), DUAL LFO € 149,00 (+ VAT), S&H-NOISE € 169,00 (+ VAT), ENV FOLL € 149,00 (+ VAT), MIXER € 129,00 (+ VAT), MULTIPLES € 59,00 (+ VAT), FIXED FILTER BANK € 329,00 (+ VAT), STEREO OUT MODULE € 349,00 (+ VAT)
Update 2022: Production run of the above GRP Eurorack modules has ended.
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GRP Eurorack / Waldorf KB37 (3000 x 1800px)