As so often the case, chance and a bit of luck played a big role in my discovery of the following hitherto unknown instrument. It’s the beginning of May 2013, and a routine visit to eBay brings me eye to eye with the Trax RetroWave R-1. A quick search for the website, contact with the selling agent, and within a few days the Trax RetroWave R-1 was settled into my local studio.
And (again), as is often the case, my instinct was right: the Trax RetroWave R-1 is a high-quality, fun-to-use analog synthesizer with outstanding sound potential. But, one thing at a time…
Richard Rix …
… is the nice guy on the other end of the line at Trax Controls. His company is a British online electronics business which sells different setups and parts. And what especially turns Richard Rix on? Model trains …
Trax Controls – Electronics for Model Trains:
- Station Stop Modules (arriving trains slow down automatically, stop briefly and depart again independently)
- Steam Sound Modules (simulating steam engine sounds)
- Diesel Engine Sounds (simulating… well, you’ve got it)
- Steam Whistles (for a rendition of the characteristic steam engine whistle)
These are among the most popular Trax Controls products. Oh yes… and there’s a Handheld Walkabout Controller (whatever that is), too.
Then there are a lot of little parts such as switches, knobs, bulbs, cords and plugs, fuses, etc., to cover electronic needs.
In the midst of this colourful assortment of this and that, the RetroWave R-1 Midi-Controlled Analogue Synthesizer seems completely out-of-place, at first guess an odd conglomerate of all those little parts which maybe even put themselves together.
But no, the RetroWave is for real. And it’s really good.
All the Way from Power Supplies, Handbooks and Patch Cables …
The RetroWave comes equipped with a power supply, a 26-page handbook and 3 patch cables. The power supply itself comes with a choice of plugs at the user’s disposal. The instrument’s 24V socket is good for a surprise: it’s a little stiff. Plugging-in has a funny feel to it, as if the plug (very unlikely) or the socket (more likely) were warped. But in fact, this is a wise precaution to ensure that the plug-in really fits snugly. Unplugging also requires an unusual amount of „pull“ — that tiny bit of extra resistence is clearly felt. The big advantage of the rather tight but perfectly fitting 24V plug is that mistakenly pulling the wrong plug doesn’t necessarily mean the synthesizer will be disconnected.
The RetroWave handbook is very well set up, generally easy to understand and equipped with sizeable illustrating graphics. The yellow cover brings back memories of the legendary British synthesizer OSCar …
Delivery with patch cables (1 long, 2 short) is a thoughtful Trax Controls extra, emphasizing the fact that the RetroWave is not only an independent stage/studio synthesizer, but — above all — an „open“ instrument to be used with modular systems and control units.
… to outward Appearances
The RetroWave looks very appealing, embedded in a metal chassis with beige cheeks. What sets this desktop synthesizer apart from other desktop synths of our time is its size. Whether Doepfer Dark Energy, Vermona Mono Lancet, Moog Minitaur, Waldorf Rocket or anything else … all of these tools are “minimalistic” in design. They offer many possibilities, but are admittedly designed as small as possible. Not so the RetroWave. Its size allows for a panel with lots of space and large buttons. The instrument’s appearance is roughly equivalent to that of an Access Virus (rack).
The pots have a diameter of 1.5 centimeters (at the top, the base is even wider), that’s almost Minimoog format. They fit perfectly in your hand, are crisp and feel masculine, as you would expect from a good studio or stage instrument. The CV ins/outs are all 6.3 mm jacks. Eurorack modular users might frown, but simple converter cables aren’t difficult to acquire, are they? Patch cables with 3.5 mm on one side and 6.3 mm on the other side probably belong to the standard repertoire of every modular system owner.
Bigger sockets are actually an asset, their size guarantees professional work processes. Plugging and unplugging is “not” fiddly, the jack labels are accordingly large and easy to read.
The connections, potentiometers, switches and the entire exterior are witness to the fact that no part of the RetroWave is tricky, too small, or otherwise too minimalistic. In short: The instrument’s design concept and user interface is excellent.
However, there is one improvement we would recommend. The 3 LEDs (two for the LFOs, one for the envelope) are extremely bright. A pair of sunglasses should have been part of the equipment, really. The yellow lights can be irritating, their scattered light turns part of the panel into “blind zones”, where you can’t see anything but the lights. But this is only the case if you’re looking directly from above. Once the Retro Wave is on the table (which is usually the case), diode brightness is not an issue. And by the way, those yellow diodes look nice …
Signal Path and Conception
RetroWave is in many ways remarkably sophisticated. As we’ve already mentioned, it’s luxurious in size. Pleasant to the touch, enough space for your fingers, for potentiometers and cables, large jacks and equally large labels … all this is very crucial to making those long hours of work in the studio or on stage a pleasure. And the signal path concept of this 1-VCO synth is remarkable, too. The inside of the RetroWave is 100% analog (with the exception of MIDI, of course). 100% analog means that not only VCO, VCF and VCA have a discrete built-up, as well as the LFOs, envelope and other parts. Richard Rix confirmed this:
„The only truly digital part of the circuit is the MIDI interface, as you mentioned. The ADSR has a CD4001 NOR gate chip, and the sub-octave section has a 4013 dual D type flip-flop, but these have all been available since the 70’s as standard parts – the majority of the circuits (LFOs, VCO, VCF, Sample and Hold) are based on op-amps, with a few supporting transistors.” (Richard Rix)
The RetroWave features
- 1 VCO
– pulse (with lots of PWM possibilities)
- Sub-oscillators I and II
- Voltage Controlled LowPass Filter
- Voltage Controlled Amplifier with overdrive function
- ADSR with auto-repeat mode (by LFO 1)
- 2 LFOs (mid-low-high frequency)
- Sample & hold
- MIDI and CV/gate
While it might not be too exciting discussing each component of the RetroWave in detail (you know what a sawtooth waveform and a low pass filter is …), we would like to point up some of the special features of the instrument …
At first glance, you might be irritated since there’s a waveform switch, but no octave range knob. But no problem. You should be able to shift the pitch up or down by 1 octave using the octave switch. In addition, you can further adjust the pitch up or down nearly 2 octaves with the TUNE control. The following picture shows a +2 octave setting – a combination of TUNE (which is set up exactly +1 octave) and the +1 octave toggle switch …
Furthermore, the RetroWave reacts to incoming MIDI notes over the full range of a BIG master keyboard … over more than 5 octaves, which is great. All in all, the audio frequency range of the RetroWave is remarkable …
Now, let’s talk about the pulse-width modulation of the VCO. Turning the PWM source MAN control will change the square wave sound character, as everybody knows. Full left and full right end up in “no sound at all”. We love those creative areas between sound and no sound. Great for experimental and subtle colors. But be careful: if the MAN knob is set fully left or fully right, the sub-oscillators won’t sound neither. So, if it seems as if the instrument were dead, then this could be the simple reason.
The pulse wave shape can be varied manually while playing, or automatically by the Low Frequency Oscillator LFO 2, and/or the ADSR envelope. An external PWM source, e.g. an analog step sequencer, can also be applied if required.
The PWM function only works on the square wave output, and does not affect the Sub-Osc I and Sub-Osc II outputs (which would have been great, by the way).
This part of the machine comprises an audio mixer with a voltage-controlled, 4-pole, 24dB per octave filter. The mixer combines the outputs of five signal sources: the VCO, SUB
OCTAVE I, SUB-OCTAVE II, NOISE and an external audio signal (unfortunalety, there is no level control for it).
The little audio mixer is pretty awesome, it allows the mixing of waveforms “on the run” (even if it’s “only” the VCO signal with two sub-oscillators and noise). Mixing the plane VCO signal (let’s say the sawtooth waveform) with some shimmering SUB I bass, a fading-in / fading-out SUB II bass and a breeze of noise … it’s so easy and yet source of endlessly different tonal textures. We have made extensive use of this mixer in the attached sound samples. 35 minutes of RetroWave music …
Then there’s another mixer. In addition to manual frequency control, the various
control voltages applied to the filter (via the MODULATION SOURCES mixer) can be combined, together with the external VCF CV input.
ADSR sweep (positive and negative), LFO 2, sample & hold and velocity are the filter FM sources to choose from.
The filter resonance is the source of thousands of brilliant sounds. Sample & hold, for example, is recommendable in assoziation with the RESONANCE control near or at oscillation setting, and is particularly effective with white noise.
High resonance settings produce beautiful overtones, something we tried to demonstrate in the soundfile “filter resonance 2”. Listen to it!
One more word about sample & hold. It’s a conglomerate of LFO 1 (clock) and an audio source. This is an important feature, since LFO 1 is also able to auto-trigger the envelope. As such, it is possible to create stunning sequences in no time at all … switch ADSR retrigger to LFO 1, turn up the sample & hold filter modulation … now add some ADSR FM modulation to the VCO (the oscillator receives a one-shot waveform with each trigger) and off you go … it’s pretty easy and it sounds pretty good, too!
LFO 2 – one of those filter FM sources – has a frequency range of up to 170 Hz (same as LFO 1, by the way). At 170 Hz you’re able to create good vocal sounds and other special effects. Well, to be honest, a high-end LFO goes straight up to 1 kHz and more … anyway, in case you want to use one of those extraordinary professional modulation oscillators, you can simply connect it to the rear VCF CV input. We’re thinking of a wide-range Doepfer A-100 LFO (there are many to choose from) or an Analogue Systems RS-80 (or RS-85) VC LFO or something similar.
This brings us to the VCF CV input. You can connect “anything” capable of analog control voltages – not only additional LFOs. A Korg MS-20, for example, or a Doepfer Dark Energy … any sort of analog sequencer, a theremin (CV) module, an extra envelope, whatever … The filter CV input greatly expands the sonic possibilities. And keep in mind: there’s CV/Gate and MIDI and velocity … enough material to have you working creatively for a long time …
In our demos, we hooked up the Roland TR-808 to the RetroWave. Simple as it is, we also connected the Doepfer A-155 step sequencer. And a Roland MIDI masterkeyboard, for transposing the RetroWave sequences in real time. Two LFOs of the Technosaurus modular system served as extra filter FM sources and the wonderful John Bowen Solaris added some polyphonic textures to the stunning beats and patterns. Making music can be as simple as that …
VCA, ADSR, LFOs and Sample & Hold
The O/P Level is a basic volume control for setting the output level of the unit. Useful if the synth is to be used with amps that have different input level requirements … and something we really missed on the Waldorf Rocket. The RANGE switch allows you to select between short and long envelope ranges, so you can adjust the sound exactly according to your music.
We already mentioned the Trig. Mode switch, which lets you choose between Normal triggering (by MIDI gate or analog gate source) and LFO1 Repeat, which, as its name suggests, enables the LFO 1 square wave output to continuously trigger the ADSR. The latter is – once again – very interesting, especially in combination with the sample & hold effect.
Finally, the VCA MODE switch enables you to select between the normal ADSR function and VCA bypass. Bypass is – in other words – a simple HOLD function. The VCA is then permanently opened, while the envelope can be used exclusively for filter modulation (and/or VCO modulation).
Needless to say, this a true analog down to the very fibre. The sound files speak for themeselves … The RetroWave can be a source of great pleasure. We’d prefer it to several other low-price instruments on the market, bearing in mind that music can be made on it and whole new facets of sound are there to be discovered for a very long time. Bearing in mind too, that countless knobs allow direct access to all parameters and that you get an instrument with MIDI and CV/Gate.
But of course, this remains our subjective opinion of the RetroWave. „How“ you work and what you see as the advantages and disadvantages innate to specific instruments is admittedly a question of personal taste …
Just a Little Room for Improvement
There are three things Trax could do to improve the RetroWave. Whereby we choose to ignore the bright diodes and limit ourselves to the practice of music making.
The thoughtfully constructed TUNE control easily does double duty as a pitch bender. As a fantastic pitch bender, to be exact, with a very respectable range of up to 2 octaves (+/-, meaning in reality almost 4 octaves). (It remains a puzzle why the oscillator TUNE function on a lot of synthesizers is limited to +/- a fifth, in reality a benchmark set by the Minimoog way back in 1970 that hasn’t been changed since. „Bending“ over at least an octave — or more — is something that makes enormous sense musically, especially when you consider that the acoustical impression of the progressive change of a tone is something completely different from the abrupt move from one octave to another.)
But back to the RetroWave. One disadvantage of the admirably extensive TUNE function is that there is no mid-point lock. Which means finding the 0-point is hit-or-miss and you’ll likely miss on the first try, which would seem to nullify the use of TUNE as a heavy duty pitch bender. Naturally, the knob in question is the same as those used for all other RetroWave functions, so the manufacturer’s aim at design efficiency has been fulfilled. But the musician’s needs can only be fulfilled with a little notch at „0“ and with a lock at mid-point. That would do it.
Our second point concerns MIDI. Here there is no data available aside from MIDI channel, note and velocity. So no pitch-bend information, which is too bad considering the other lead synthesizer qualities of the RetroWave and the fact that a pitch bender is among the most important controllers in a live performance – especially keeping in mind that the tune knob mentioned above is no real substitute.
“Pitch bend is not supported in the current MIDI hardware, although it is something that we could address in future in collaboration with Trevor Page.” (Richard Rix)
By the way, MIDI channels can only be set from 1 to 12, although strictly speaking this cannot be seen as a criticism. 12 available channels should be enough for any studio.
Our third point is probably the most awkward to explain. There is a little buzz in the outsignal of the VCA. I’ve no idea why, it’s only when the amplifier is on, that is, when sounds are being produced, that it can be heard. But here especially with very quiet sounds. As soon as the filter is turned on to full, that little buzz and the likes of it disappear. We are simply implying the the VCA (or audio mixer) doesn’t function perfectly. Purists might see this as something inherent to analogue sound character. But of course, that’s not the point.
“The “hum” you hear when all signal sources are turned down could be caused by leakage of the VCO signal through the printed circuit board tracks – we tried to minimise this as much as possible, – further work on future releases of the circuit board will hopefully eliminate this altogether.” (Richard Rix)
The RetroWave in Practice
Despite some small room for improvement, the Trax RetroWave is a fantastic analog synthesizer. Its two simultaneously operating sub-oscillators can produce hammer-like sound, energy at its best. And, thanks to the mixer, there are lots of possibilities for subtle sound variations. The lowpass filter is of the best, its resonance produces colorful overtones, filter self-resonance generates zapp-sounds, electronic toms, bass drums and other useful effects …
The overdrive function is useful (though not the instrument’s big highlight). And the flexible modulation possibilities (2 LFOs, sample & hold, ADSR, external CV inputs, Midi velocity) turn the RetroWave into a fully equipped, powerful and versatile analog monster.
Last, but not least, there’s CV/gate/velocity output (!), for controlling other synthesizers that utilize the 1V/octave system. You can also return the velocity output directly to one of the RetroWave’s CV inputs – PWM or VCA CV in, for example … Great stuff.
The Trax RetroWave is a joy to use. Everything is generously placed, large knobs, big jacks … The combination of MIDI and CV/gate is very useful and really excellent. Although some users could miss MIDI Thru, we prefer to enjoy the existence of additional control possibilities via external inputs (VCF, VCA and PWM CV inputs), which makes for an optimal working situation in combination with modular systems in a studio. And yes, don’t forget Audio-IN. For external signal processing, in which case the RetroWave naturally becomes a luxurious filter module.
To sum it up, the RetroWave sound is very appealing, meaty, lively and powerful. This is a British desktop synth – handmade and of the finest quality.
Trax RetroWave R-1
Monophonic Analog Synthesizer
As of 2022, the RetroWave R-1 is out of production.